Napoleon Cake

Jump to recipe

Crumbly, buttery, and flaky cake combined with delicious and rich condensed milk frosting, this Napoleon Cake is an elegant and sumptuous dessert.

Napoleon Cake

Hello, folks. I hope you are doing fine. I am so excited to present this Napoleon Cake to you today. That’s certainly the most complicated and time-consuming cake I have made so far. However, every minute of your time (and each calorie out of thousands of calories) are so worth making it.

There’s a thing. If you didn’t grow up in one of the former Soviet countries, you probably never heard this name. Instead, you are likely familiar with the French name mille-feuille. That’s correct. There are many similar desserts, but the names can vary such as a Mille Foglie in Italy, a Vanilla (or custard) Slice in Great Britain, or a Napoleon Slice in Canada. This pastry is quite popular in many European countries such as Poland (Napoleonka), Finland and Sweden (Napoleon Pastry), and many others.

A Napoleon cake is something that absolutely reminds me of my childhood. For many (if not most) Soviet families experiencing a tremendous deficiency of food (and importantly lack of any variety), a Napoleon cake was the staple of any celebration. As butter was quite difficult to get (and it was limited in the amount you could buy at once), I believe most of the people would use margarine instead.

The origins of a Napoleon cake are not well-known, but it is believed the cake to have bee mentioned first time in around the middle of the 19th century. It’s very likely was created after the Russian victory over Napoleon in 1812. In the beginning of the 20th century, it was often made in triangular-shape which resembled a bicorn (a form of the hat).

Although Napoleon cake is very similar to on a mille-feuille (As it must have been inspired by the French dessert), they are not the same. The biggest difference is that a mille-feuille traditionally has only three layers of pastry while a Napoleon cake has more(up to 16).

There are few things I would like to mention before we enjoy this cake.

  • Thin layers are the way to success. Try rolling out the dough as thinly as possible. Ideally, it should be almost translucent. I won’t lie – the dough is not very easy to handle. Use flour for dusting as this will help to achieve it. I’ve read people roll out the layers directly on a piece of parchment paper and then transfer it (with paper) on a baking sheet. While you’re rolling out one piece of dough, keep the remaining refrigerated.
  • There are two ways to make layers. You can roll out one piece of dough (larger than the size of your future cake), bake, and then immediately, when still hot, using a knife, cut out the needed shape (put a baking form or plate on a baked layer to have nice circles)
  • Alternatively, you can roll out and cut the circles before placing them in the oven. Keep in mind that when baking, the layers might slightly shrink, so you won’t have perfectly matching layers. That’s fine though as we use crumbles to cover the cake and camouflage its imperfections. Personally, I tried both ways, and I did like the second one more.
  • If you bake then cut out a circle, then collect and put aside the leftovers from each sheet. If you cut out a circle prior to baking, accumulate the raw pieces and bake them separately. We are going to use them for the decoration.
  • Custard cream is a traditional filling. However, Andrey’s favorite cream from his childhood was frosting made with condensed milk and butter (which was probably the most popular cake frosting in Soviet Russia), so I decided to please him. Normally you need to whip using an electric mixer sweetened condensed milk with softened butter. As far as I recalled, you would get really think kind of frosting which I didn’t want to. I wanted a custard-y kind of cream, so I decided to experiment. The thing is that when you use a lot of butter, it’s hard to dissolve it, and as the result, you can feel it which is not the best parts at all. I decided to kind of melt it, and the result was fantastic – easy to whip and not too thick. Sometimes I am a smart boy :)
  • When assembling the cake, I recommend doing it slowly because the layers are very fragile. When you spread some of the cream over the first layer, let it stand for 2-3 minutes. The cream will start to absorb, and you will diminish the possibility of cracking the layer.
  • Once you’ve assembled the cake, let it stand at room temperature for at least 1-2 hours and them place in the refrigerated. This helps to soften the cake. If you immediately refrigerate the cake, the frosting will harden, and the layers won’t absorb it well.
  • Once you’ve assembled the cake, there are two ways to handle it. You can do nothing or put a press on top (f.x a cutting board or pan with something heave such as flour or cans). The first way will result in more airy and fluffy yet dry layers. Putting a press will result in having more dense, soft, and moist texture which I love.
  • If you have leftovers of some of the cream and pastry, don’t worry. Just put them in glass or bowl and you will have a delicious dessert – no need to wait overnight!
  • If you really want to try this cake, but you don’t like the idea of making pastry from scratch, grab some frozen at the store. Although I’ve never tried this simplified version, I’ve heard it’s delicious, too!

Well, I hope I didn’t get you bored with this long description. I wanted to be as meticulous as possible. On the other hand, there’s no need to be petrified with this cake. Yes, it’s time-consuming, but the results will pay off. But please make this Napoleon Cake without thinking of all those calories and fats you are going to consume – forget end enjoy (and then have a few intense gym sessions). :)

Going to share another Russian cake staple soon too.

Stay tuned. Cheers.





11 thoughts on “Napoleon Cake

  1. Ashika | Gardening Foodie says:

    Wow this cake is gorgeous Ben…really elegant and beautiful. I love this post and the story behind this cake.
    The time taken to prepare this cake is really rewarding at the end,it must taste so good…I6 layers, that is pretty impressive :)

  2. Dawn - Girl Heart Food says:

    I’ve never heard of or had this type of cake before, but would certainly love to try! You did such an amazing job with all those layers…not sure if I’d have the patience myself, lol. It’s always so nice when you get to make and eat food that reminds you have your childhood – those are the best recipes :)

  3. says:

    Hey Ben, this is an amazing looking Napoleon Cake! I was particularly most intrigued by the traditional frosting you made for Andrey from condensed milk and butter because, as you say we would normally make custard cream as our traditional filling. I’d make something like this around about Christmas time as it’s so amazing. And as Christmas is a few months off yet, in preparation for eating it then and with your warning of the calories, I’ll get in a few extra gym sessions now! ;-)

  4. Milena says:

    Quite a bit of work indeed to create this masterpiece, but it looks more than worth the effort! I’ve only heard about Napoleon cake from my aunt, unfortunately she never made us any:) But she did make us blinchiki. Curious to see the next one you have coming. Pinned!

  5. Laura says:

    Ben! This is so gorgeous! I’ve had millefeuille in France before but had no idea it was anything other than French! I love this idea – I’m pretty terrible at things that require patience and ultimate care, but the thought of being able to make this lovely creature is enticing. Hmmm. I’ve never heard of condensed milk/ butter for frosting. I’m going to give that a whirl sometime soon. Thanks for the melted butter tip!

  6. David @ Spiced says:

    So this is definitely a new cake idea to me, Ben…and it sounds awesome. I love all of those layers in there. Like Kelsie said above, I am definitely familiar with mille-feuille, but I’ve never seen it in this form before. I appreciate you sharing all of the details on how to make it, too. I’m sure this one took you back to your childhood…and sometimes those are the best recipes, right? If you have any leftovers, please mail them down to me, ok? :-)
    David @ Spiced recently posted…No Bake Chocolate Peanut Butter Pie RITZ CrackersMy Profile

  7. Kelsie | the itsy-bitsy kitchen says:

    Loooove this! I always love learning about new (to me) desserts, and while I’ve heard of mille-feuille, I’ve never heard the name Napoleon Cake. It’s so neat that this is something you grew up eating. Those recipes are always the best. I’d love to have a big slice of this right now!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

CommentLuv badge